Princeton, New Jersey is located in Mercer County, New Jersey. Princeton University has been sited in the town since 1756. Although Princeton is a “college town”, there are other important institutions in the area, including the Institute for Advanced Study, Educational Testing Service (ETS), Opinion Research Corporation, Siemens Corporate Research, Sarnoff Corporation, FMC Corporation, The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, Princeton Theological Seminary, Westminster Choir College, Church and Dwight and Dow Jones & Company.
The town is roughly an equal between New York and Philadelphia. Princeton has been home to New York commuters (via Princeton Junction) since the end of World War II. The town is close to many major highways that can take residents to both cities. While the Amtrak ridetime is similar to each city, the more usual commuter train ride to New York via the New Jersey Transit Northeast Corridor Line, is generally much shorter than the equivalent train ride to Philadelphia, which involves a transfer to SEPTA trains in Trenton. Princeton receives TV and radio from both cities.
New Jersey’s State capital is the city of Trenton.
In 1933, Albert Einstein arrived at Princeton, where he was affiliated with the Institute for Advanced Study. Shortly after his arrival, in a private correspondence, Einstein described Princeton as “a quaint and ceremonious village of puny demigods on stilts.” Over time, he came to appreciate the environment provided by the town and the Institute, and in many ways became more at home in Princeton than in any of his previous residences. He stayed until his death in 1955.
In the academic year 1948 /1949, following the mandate of the 1947 New Jersey State Constitution, which prohibited segregation in the public schools and the state militia, Princeton’s lower schools were finally integrated. This was accomplished by an overhaul of the entire system, called the ‘Princeton Plan’, so that all the building, students, and teachers of the previously all African-American school were incorporated into the new town wide system.